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海南省,简称琼,位于中国的最南端,包括海南岛和中沙、西沙、南沙群岛及其周围广阔的海域,全省陆地总面积3.54万平方公里(其中海南岛陆地面积3.39万平方公里,海域面积约200万平方公里,是我国仅次于台湾岛的第二大岛,是中国最小的陆地省,最大的海洋省,省会为椰城海口市。)

海南是中国唯一的热带岛屿省份,是中国最受欢迎的热带滨海度假胜地。这里四季无冬,阳光充沛,空气清新,水质纯净,堪称人间天堂、南海明珠。 

海南建省办经济特区22年来,旅游业取得了长足的发展,现已经成为国民经济的支柱产业和龙头产业,是最具特色与潜力的外向型产业。 

海南旅游基础设施良好,旅游配套接待业已形成体系,旅游区位优势明显。依托于独特的生态旅游资源和优越的地理区位优势,以及国家赋予的独一无二的入境旅游优惠政策,海南省确立了旅游国际化发展的道路,旅游业的转型升级工作成效显著,旅游增长方式已呈现出由适度数量规模型向质量效益型转变,旅游产品从观光旅游型向休闲度假型转变,旅游客源结构由低端向高端转变,旅游产业步入了发展加速、质量提高的转型升级时期,呈现出国际化、度假化、品牌化、高端化的发展趋势。尤其是高尔夫、温泉康体、中医理疗等旅游新业态发展迅速。个性化度假旅游产品在国内外独树一帜。 

目前,随着《国务院关于推进海南国际旅游岛建设发展的若干意见》的正式颁布,海南正在全面启动国际旅游岛建设各项工作。我们的目标是逐步将海南建成旅游国际化程度高、生态环境优美、文化魅力独特、社会文明祥和的开放之岛、绿色之岛、文明之岛、和谐之岛。国际旅游岛建设描绘出了海南未来发展的蓝图,也为国内外有志之士投资海南旅游创造了前所未有的良好契机。我们相信,随着海南省新一轮改革开放发展战略的实施,海南一定会成为全国乃至全世界最具特色、最有优势的海岛型国际旅游目的地!在不久的将来,一个全新的与国际接轨的国际旅游岛将呈现在世人面前! 

阳光海岛,度假天堂,海南热忱欢迎您的到来,并向您发出永远的邀请!  

 

Hainan Overview  

Basic Information 

Hainan Province, also referred to as Qiong (Jade) Island, is located at the very southern end of China. It includes Hainan Island as well as the Zhongsha (Macclesfield), Xisha (Paracel), and Nansha (Spratly) Islands and the surrounding sea areas. The province's total land area is 35,400 square kilometers (33,900 square kilometers of which is Hainan Island. Hainan also includes about 2,000,000 square kilometers of sea area.) It is China's second largest island, after Taiwan, and has China's largest sea area. The capital, called Coconut City, is Haikou.

Hainan is China's only tropical island province, and is China's most popular coastal tourist destination. It is never winter here, the sunshine is abundant, the air fresh and clean, the water is pure, making it a heaven on earth, a pearl of the South China Sea. 

Since Hainan Province was set up as a Special Economic Zone 22 years ago, the local tourism industry has become well established, and is already considered an industry leader and mainstay of the national economy. It possesses the most local flavor and potential for export of any other industry. 

Hainan's tourism infrastructure is quite good, with a complete and well formed tourist reception system, giving Hainan a clearly advantageous position in the tourism market. Due to special ecotourism resources and an excellent geographical position, as well as an unparalleled preferential policy for entry visas, Hainan province has been able to forge a path towards International Tourism development. The effect on transforming and upgrading the tourism industry has been significant. Tourism growth has proceeded in tandem with the growth of the industry. Tours have developed from sightseeing tours to luxury vacations. Tourist sources have transformed from low-end to high-end. The tourism industry has accelerated its development and entered a phase of rapid improvement in quality, internationalization, vacation development, trademark development, and high end trendmaking. Development of golf, hot springs, and Traditional Chinese physiotherapy, and other new industry formats are developing quickly. Customizable holiday tours are especially attractive for both domestic and international tourists. 

Currently, in the wake of the publication of “State Council Opinions on Promotion, Construction and Development of International Tourism in Hainan Island", Hainan is currently starting comprehensive work in every aspect of building Hainan International Tourism Island. Our goal is to increase the internationalization, elegance of the ecological environment, unique cultural charm, peaceful and cultured opening of society, greenness, politeness, and harmonization of Hainan step by step. The construction of Hainan as an International Tourism Island follows the blueprint of future development, and is creating unprecedented investment opportunities for ambitious domestic and international investors. We believe that with the implementation of the new phase of Hainan's reform and development strategy, Hainan will definitely become the best and most interesting international island vacation destination in the country, perhaps even the world. In the near future, a completely new International Tourism Island, aligned with international standards, will appear before people's eyes!  

Sunny Hainan, heaven on earth, extends a warm welcome and eternal invitation! 

海南依托得天独厚的自然环境,大力发展旅游业、房地产业、热带农业等特色产业。尤以旅游业增速迅猛,目前已初步建成“吃、住、行、游、购、娱”配套齐全的度假旅游接待设施与服务体系,具备年接待游客3000万人次的能力。

Industrial Economy

Hainan relies on the unique natural environment, vigorous expansion of the tourism industry, real estate industry, tropical agriculture and other special local industries. Especially due to the rapid acceleration of the tourism industry, currently an initial system for cuisine, lodging, transportation, tours, shopping, and entertainment has been set up to provide comprehensive service facilities for tourism. Currently Hainan is able to receive 30 million tourists annually.

海南资源与物产丰富,森林覆盖率达58%以上,拥有大片热带雨林,植物种类达4000多种,其中630多种为海南所特有,盛产香蕉、芒果、龙眼、荔枝、椰子、槟榔及其它热带水果。作为海洋大省,海南的海岸线长达1528公里,68个天然港湾星罗棋布,海洋水产在800种以上。海南目前已探明的矿产资源达59种,其中36种具有开采价值。近海海域蕴藏着丰富的石油天然气资源,已探明储量1040亿立方米,可采量为700亿立方米。

Natural Resources 

Hainan boasts plentiful natural resources and products, with forest coverage above 58%, with large tracts of tropical rainforests, more than 4,000 different species of plants, including 630 only found in Hainan. Hainan abounds in bananas, mangoes, longyan, lychee, coconuts, betel nut, and other tropical fruits. Located in the South China Sea, Hainan's coastline stretches to 1528 km, with 68 natural harbors scattered throughout. Hainan produces over 800 distinct marine products. Currently 59 types of minerals have been identified in Hainan, including 36 types with mining value. Hainan's coastal territorial waters are rich with oil and natural gas deposits, with proven reserves of 104 billion cubic meters, and a recoverable amount of 70 billion cubic meters.

  

  

  

  

 

【人口】2010年11月1日零时,全省总人口为8671518人。全省总人口中,汉族人口为7225726人,占总人口的83.33%;各少数民族人口为1445792人,占总人口的16.67%,其中黎族人口1277359人,占总人口的14.73%。

【民族】海南省汉族、黎族、苗族、回族是世居民族,其余民族是解放后迁入的干部、职工和移民,分散于全省各地。黎族是海南岛上最早的居民。世居的黎、苗、回族,大多数聚居在中部、南部的琼中、保亭、白沙、陵水、昌江等县和三亚市、五指山市;汉族人口主要聚集在东北部、北部和沿海地区。 

【方言】海南居民语言种类多,主要使用的方言有10种。1.海南话:狭义的海南方言,属汉藏语系汉语闽南方言。海南话使用最广泛、使用人数最多,全省有500多万居民通用,主要分布在海口、琼山、文昌、琼海、万宁、定安、屯昌、澄迈等市县的大部分地区和陵水、乐东、东方、昌江、三亚等市县的沿海一带地区。在不同地方,海南话语音和声调有所不同,一般以文昌人的语音为标准口音。2.黎话:属汉藏语系壮侗语族黎语系,有本地、美孚、加茂等5个方言。全省黎族人民使用,主要分布在琼中、保亭、陵水、白沙、东方、乐东、昌江等自治县和三亚市、五指山市。3.临高话:属汉藏语系壮侗语族壮傣语支,比较接近壮语。约50万居民使用,主要分布在临高县境内和海口市郊西部的长流、荣山、新海、秀英等地区。4.儋州话:属汉藏语系汉语粤语方言系统。40多万人使用,主要分布在儋州、昌江、东方等市县的沿海一带地区。5.军话:属汉藏语系汉语北方方言西南官话系统,是古代从大陆充军来海南岛的士兵和仕宦留下的语言。10万多人使用,主要分布在昌江县、东方市、儋州市和三亚市的部分地区。6.苗话:属汉藏语系苗瑶语族苗语支。主要在中部、南部地区各市县以及少数在其他县的约5万苗族居民中通用。7.村话:属汉藏语系壮侗语。约6万人使用,主要分布在东方市、昌江县昌化江下游两岸。8.回辉话:目前学术界认为属海南岛语系,是语群中的一个独特语言。据《琼州府志》记载,回辉话是大约在宋、元朝期间从外国迁来的居民使用而流传下来的语言,当时汉人称之为“番语”。世居的回族居民约6000人使用,主要分布在三亚市回辉、回新2个村,白沙县、万宁市少数居民使用。9.迈话:属粤语方言系统,比较接近广州话。是汉人使用的语言,但使用人数不多,分布不广泛,目前只有三亚市市郊的崖城和水南一带居民使用。10.蛋家话:属粤语方言。仅三亚港附近的汉族居民使用。此外,还有三亚市、陵水县等沿海渔民使用船上话,港口、铁路、矿山、国有农场职工使用白话、客家话、潮州话、浙江话、云南话、福建话等。

海南话使用最广泛、使用人数最多,全省有500多万居民通用,主要分布在海口、琼山、文昌、琼海、万宁、定安、屯昌、澄迈等市县的大部分地区和陵水、乐东、东方、昌江、三亚等市县的沿海一带地区。在不同地方,海南话语音和声调有所不同,一般以文昌人的语音为标准口音。2.黎话:属汉藏语系壮侗语族黎语系,有本地、美孚、加茂等5个方言。全省黎族人民使用,主要分布在琼中、保亭、陵水、白沙、东方、乐东、昌江等自治县和三亚市、五指山市。3.临高话:属汉藏语系壮侗语族壮傣语支,比较接近壮语。约50万居民使用,主要分布在临高县境内和海口市郊西部的长流、荣山、新海、秀英等地区。4.儋州话:属汉藏语系汉语粤语方言系统。40多万人使用,主要分布在儋州、昌江、东方等市县的沿海一带地区。5.军话:属汉藏语系汉语北方方言西南官话系统,是古代从大陆充军来海南岛的士兵和仕宦留下的语言。10万多人使用,主要分布在昌江县、东方市、儋州市和三亚市的部分地区。6.苗话:属汉藏语系苗瑶语族苗语支。主要在中部、南部地区各市县以及少数在其他县的约5万苗族居民中通用。7.村话:属汉藏语系壮侗语。约6万人使用,主要分布在东方市、昌江县昌化江下游两岸。8.回辉话:目前学术界认为属海南岛语系,是语群中的一个独特语言。据《琼州府志》记载,回辉话是大约在宋、元朝期间从外国迁来的居民使用而流传下来的语言,当时汉人称之为“番语”。世居的回族居民约6000人使用,主要分布在三亚市回辉、回新2个村,白沙县、万宁市少数居民使用。9.迈话:属粤语方言系统,比较接近广州话。是汉人使用的语言,但使用人数不多,分布不广泛,目前只有三亚市市郊的崖城和水南一带居民使用。10.蛋家话:属粤语方言。仅三亚港附近的汉族居民使用。此外,还有三亚市、陵水县等沿海渔民使用船上话,港口、铁路、矿山、国有农场职工使用白话、客家话、潮州话、浙江话、云南话、福建话等。

Population, Ethnic groups, Language

Population:

At midnight on November 1, 2010, the entire population of Hainan Province was 8,671,518 people, including 7,225,726 people of Han ethnicity, making up 83.33% of the total population. Minorities numbered a total of 1,445,792, making up 16.67% of the total population. The Li Minority numbered 1,277,359, making up 14.73% of the total population.

Ethnic groups:

The ethnic groups residing in Hainan include the Han, Li, Miao, and Hui. Other groups moved to Hainan only after liberation, and have since scattered to all parts of the province. The Li people are the earliest settlers of Hainan. Descendants of the Li, Miao, and Hui are largely concentrated in the central and southern sections of the island, in Qiongzhong, Baoting, Baisha, Lingshui, Changjiang, and other small towns, as well as in Sanya and Wuzhishan City. The Han population is primarily concentrated in the north, as well as the coastal regions.

Languages: The people of Hainan speak a multitude of languages, although 10 make up the majority of language use.

1. Hainanese: Unique to Hainan, Hainanese is in the Minnan branch of the Sino-Tibetan language group. Hainanese is the most widespread of local languages in Hainan, and spoken by the most people. Throughout Hainan, there are over 5 million Hainanese speakers, who live mostly in Haikou, Qiongshan, Wenchang, Qionghai, Wanning, Dingan, Tunchang, Chengmai, and other towns in the areas of Lingshui, Ledong, Dongfang, Changjiang, Sanya, and coastal areas. In various places, pronunciation and tones of Hainanese also vary, with the Wenchang dialect generally considered to be standard.

2. Li language: The Li language is in the Zhuang Dong (Kam-Tai) branch of the Sino-Tibetan language group. It has 5 principal dialects, and is spoken by Li people in all parts of Hainan. It is primarily spoken in Qiongzhong, Baoting, Lingshui, Baisha, Dongfang, Ledong, Changjiang, and other autonomous counties, as well as Sanya and Wuzhishan City.

3. Lingao language: Lingao Language belongs to the Zhuang-Dai branch of the Zhuang-Dong group of Sino-Tibetan languages, and is similar to the Zhuang language. Spoken by about 500,000, the Lingao language is primarily found in Lingao County and the western areas of Haikou City including Changliu, Rongshan, Xinhai, Xiuying, and others.

4. Danzhou language: Danzhou language is in the Cantonese branch of the Sino-Tibetan language group, and had more than 400,000 speakers. It is primarily spoken in Danzhou, Changjiang, Dongfang, and other coastal areas.

5. Army dialect: Army dialect belongs to the northern branch of southwestern bureaucratic Mandarin, in the Sino-Tibetan language group, and is descended from the language of soldiers and officials who were banished to Hainan in ancient times. It is spoken by 100,000, and is principally found in Changjiang county, Dongfang, Danzhou, and some areas of Sanya.

6. Miao language: Miao language is in the Miao-Yao branch of the Sino-Tibetan language group, and is found primarily in the central and southern cities and counties, as well as a few other places. It is spoken by 50,000.

7. Village language: Village language is in the Zhuang-Dong branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. With about 60,000 speakers, it is chiefly found in Dongfang, in Changjiang county on both sides of the lower reaches of the Changhua River.

8. Huihui Language: Currently believed to be in the Hainan language family, Huihui is a unique language. According to the Qiongzhou records, Huihui language was spoken by people who came to Hainan from abroad before the time of the Song and Yuan Periods, and was considered a foreign language at that time. It is spoken by about 6,000 Hui people, and is principally spoken in the two Hui towns in Sanya, as well as by a few people in Baisha County and Wanning.

9. Mai language: Mai language is in the Cantonese language family, and is relatively similar to the dialect spoken in Guangzhou. It is spoken by the Han people, but it has few speakers, and is not widespread. Currently it is only spoken in the suburbs of Sanya.

10. Tanka: Tanka is a dialect of Cantonese. It is only spoken by the Han residents of the Sanya Harbor area.

In addition, in Sanya, Lingshui County, and other coastal areas fishermen speak a boating language. Port, railroad, mining, and state owned farm employees have their own spoken dialects, and there are also some speakers of Hakka, Teochew, Zhejiang, Yunnan, Hokkien and other dialects.

海南属热带季风气候,空气清新、阳光充沛、植被常绿、长夏无冬,全岛中部地区气温较低,西南部较高,1月份平均气温17.2℃,7月份平均气温28.4℃,年均日照300天以上。

Climate

Hainan has a tropical monsoon climate, fresh air, lots of sunshine, is green all year round, has a long summer and no winter. The temperatures in the central area are generally lower, while those in the southwest are relatively high. The average temperature in January is 17.2℃ (63°F), and in July the average temperature is 28.4℃ (83°F). Hainan has more than 300 days of sunshine annually.